If you have heart valve disease, one or more of the four valves in your heart are not doing their job properly.
There are four valves in your heart that keep blood flowing in the right direction. In some cases, one or more of the flaps will not open or close properly. This causes the heart to not be able to pump blood properly and the function of other organs to fail.
The treatment of your heart valve disease depends on the affected heart valve, the type and severity of the disease in the valve. In heart valve diseases, it may sometimes be necessary to repair or replace the heart valve in addition to drug therapy.
Heart Valve Disease Symptoms
Heart valve patients may not feel any complaints for many years.
The signs and symptoms of heart valve disease can be listed as follows.
The doctor listening to the heartbeat with a stethoscope may hear an abnormal sound in the heart (murmur).
Feeling short of breath, especially when you are very active or when you lie down
Swelling of the ankles and feet
Irregular heart beat
When to See a Doctor?
If your GP thinks you have a heart murmur, he will recommend that you see a cardiologist. If you feel any symptoms suggestive of heart valve disease, contact your doctor immediately.
Causes of Heart Valve Diseases
There are four valves in your heart that keep blood flowing in the right direction. These valves are called mitral valves, tricupitis valves, pulmonary valves and aortic valves.
Each valve is opened and closed once per heartbeat. Sometimes, if the lids are not opened or closed properly, proper blood flow from your heart to your body is blocked.
Valvular heart disease can be congenital (congenital). It can also be seen in adults due to many reasons such as the development of infections and / or other heart conditions over time, aging.
Heart Valve Failure
In this case, the heart valves cannot close properly and cause blood to leak backward from the heart cavity or vessels that need to move forward. Heart valve insufficiencies are also divided into 4 degrees according to their severity. 1-2. grade heart valve insufficiency is mild and generally requires no treatment. 3-4. degree heart valve insufficiency may also require medication or surgery, depending on the patient’s symptoms and complaints.
Heart Valve Stenosis
Heart valves thicken and harden either due to congenital reasons or due to aging, or the leaflets may stick together. In this case, the lids cannot be opened sufficiently and they do not allow blood to pass. Thus, since the heart will not be able to pump enough blood, its other organs’ functions will deteriorate over time.
Risk Factors in the Formation of Heart Valve Diseases
Various factors can increase your risk of heart valve disease.
Having had some infections that can affect the heart
Heart disease or had a heart attack
Having high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes, or having other risk factors that could develop heart disease
Heart conditions at birth (congenital heart disease)